Environmental pollution refers to the circulation of toxic substances in natural or artificial environments. Through this fact, ecosystems lose their original characteristics and become unsafe for the living beings that inhabit them. Explore in this article the 6 everyday actions that pollute the environment!
This affectation can be caused by chemical elements, such as acids or insecticides used by industry; physical elements, such as noise or radiation caused by humans; and biological elements, such as organic waste.
The phenomenon generates global warming, a problem in which the earth’s temperature increases, glaciers melt and food crops are damaged. In addition, species become extinct and there are problems in the health of humans.
Daily actions that pollute the environment
Over the years, humans have been one of the main causes of environmental pollution. It has consolidated the purchase of harmful products and the carrying out of activities in which natural resources are overly plundered.
People include in their daily routine various habits that generate ecological risks. Even many of them are carried out naively and without knowing the consequences.
1. Throw batteries in the trash
Batteries are elements that can take more than 500 years to decompose. In addition, they contain metals such as mercury, lead, cadmium and chromium, which are toxic to the environment.
When the batteries are discarded along with the rest of the organic waste they reach the landfills and produce the contamination of water and soils. In this way, they affect the welfare of animals, plants and humans who use that water source.
Thus, the proper process would be to throw all the batteries in a container in which no other element is stored. Then, when it is filled, it must be taken to a place where the electronic waste is treated.
2. Plastic bottles or bags pollute the environment
Plastic is widely used in everyday life, as it is resistant, weighs little and is easy to carry. However, it is one of the elements that most pollute the environment.
In the production of plastic, different chemicals are used, therefore, their objects contain toxins that pollute air quality. In addition, it is not biodegradable, which means that it takes at least 150 years to degrade.
In addition, most plastic is discarded in seas, oceans, rivers or soils. In this way, it is an element that stagnates, alters the properties of water and causes aquatic animals to be trapped or die intoxicated.
3. Groom yourself without turning off the taps
Water is indispensable for the life of living beings and ecosystems. It nourishes plants, is the habitat of multiple animals, regulates temperatures and is essential for food and grooming.
However, the resource is exhaustible and people are not aware of it. Bathing or brushing without turning off the tap is counterproductive for the environment, as liters of water are wasted that are not recovered.
As a result, appropriate measures must be taken to spend only what is necessary. During the shower it is essential to close the faucet when soaping, while when brushing your teeth you have to use a glass.
4. Throw cigarette butts on the floor
Cigarette butts contain chemicals such as lead, which contaminates the liters of water with which it comes into contact.
Its filters have cellulose acetate, a plastic that takes time to degrade and affects the air because it releases nicotine, arsenic and cadmium.
Cigarette butts can also land on water sources, be ingested by fish and cause death. Because of this, it is indicated to deposit them in some baskets destined for that purpose.
5. Use aerosol deodorants
Aerosols contain volatile organic compounds, chemicals that become gases that accumulate in the lower layer of the atmosphere.
Thus, spray deodorants should be avoided because during each use they release carbon dioxide, sulfur and nitrogen, affecting air quality.
6. Flush disposable towels down the toilet
Unlike toilet paper, disposable towels do not break when flushed down the toilet. Because of this, they often join with other waste and cause traffic jams that contaminate groundwater.
Tips to reduce our impact on the environment
There are several simple tasks to perform and instill in homes to reduce environmental impact. From them, natural resources are conserved, inhabited environments are balanced and the quality of life of living beings is improved.
Below are 4 activities you can do to take care of the environment.
1. Use cloth bags
One of the main objectives is to minimize the use of plastic. As a result, it is recommended to use cloth bags to pack the market or carry personal items.
2. Recycle water from the washing machine
Water is one of the most indispensable resources, but also one of the most wasted. When it falls down the drain there is no way to recover it, however, when washing you can use cans that recollect the used one.
With recycled water from washing machines you can clean the house, fill the cisterns and water the plants, without having to turn on the taps.
3. Recycle trash
Properly distributing household waste helps identify products that can be reused and therefore prevents overproduction.
Helping to prevent the production of new elements at an accelerated pace is key to reducing the exploitation of essential resources. In addition, recycling gives landfills a break and mitigates toxic gas emissions.
4. Don’t litter the streets
Garbage deposited on the streets may contain substances that affect the properties of the soil and pollute it. In addition, if they reach water sources, they disturb the life of the species that develop in that habitat.
Evaluating our actions avoids polluting the environment
It is essential that people know the provenance, components and impact of each product they wish to purchase. In this way, you can avoid purchases of objects that are not very friendly to the environment.
Likewise, it is important that human beings always evaluate the consequences of each of their actions and act with environmental awareness.